Summaries (Health)

Hello all! Here are the article summaries from Tuesday – I have included the link again to each article. Additionally, I put certain phrases in each excerpt below in bold to hopefully make it easier to compare the target language text with the English after it. Take a look!
Quest’articolo parla dei pericoli di bere troppo caffeina. Si usa l’esempio di un ragazzo americano che è morto un mese fa dopo di bere solo tre bevande con caffeina in due ore. L’eccesso di caffeina ha causato lo studente a soffrire di un’aritmia un po’ dopo che l’ha bevuto. L’autrice, Valeria Pena, dice che per i giovani le bevande di questo tipo sono pericolosissime, primariamente perché sono disponibili quasi ovunque. Se propone questi limiti per il consumo di caffeina: per i giovani di 12 a 18 anni, 100 milligrammi al giorno; per gli adulti, 200 milligrammi (ma la vera massima è 400mg). Ed ovviamente il consumo regolare o eccesso ne aumenta la dipendenza, che porta tante altre problemi, compreso i rischi cardiaci, la diabete, il sovrappeso ed i disturbi mentali.
    This article talks about the dangers of drinking too much caffeine. The example of an American boy who died a month ago after drinking only three caffeinated beverages in two hours is used. An excess of caffeine caused the student to suffer an arrhythmia a short while after drinking it. The author, Valeria Pena, says for youths these kinds of beverages are extremely dangerous, primarily because they are available almost anywhere. These limits have been proposed for caffeine consumption: for kids between ages 12 and 18, 100 milligrams a day; for adults, 200 mg (but the absolute maximum is 400mg). And obviously the regular or excessive consumption increases one’s dependence on it, which brings many other problems, including cardiac risks, diabetes, obesity, and mental disturbances. 
Cet article commence avec un exemple d’une image profonde, un épisode de Pokemon, qui a causé beaucoup de personnes japonais qui souffrent d’épilepsie d’avoir des réactions très fortes. Mais ce n’est pas seulement les vidéos mais aussi les images fixes qui peuvent affecter les épileptiques. Les réactions des vidéos sont plus facile d’expliquer: des flashs et des lumières brillantes provoquent les neurones. Mais l’auteur dit que les images fixes sont beaucoup plus confus. Et ce n’est pas toujours les personnes épileptiques qui ont des réactions négatives. Donc cette question se produit: est-ce que certains images affectent tous les cerveaux au lieu de seulement les épileptiques? Les expertes avaient trouvé des corrélations entre ces types d’images et les ondes gamma au cerveau, mais pas un rapport précis. Maintenant il faut faire plus de recherches pour trouver un modèle à indiquer quand il y a des risques épileptiques d’une image ou un vidéo.
    This article begins with an example of a powerful image, an episode of Pokemon, which caused many people in Japan who suffer from epilepsy to have strong reactions. But it’s not just videos but also fixed images that can affect those with epilepsy. Reactions to videos are easier to explain: the flashes and bright lights provoke the neurons. But the author says fixed images are much more confusing. And it’s not always epileptics who have negative reactions. Therefore this question arises: do certain images affect all brains instead of just epileptic ones? Experts have found correlations between these kinds of images and gamma waves in the brain, but no precise relationship. Now there needs to be more research to find a model that indicates when there are epileptic risks from an image or video.
Este artículo compara los sistemas de salud de varios países según un estudio reciente en The Lancet (una revista británica). Andorra, Islandia y Suiza están los tres mayores países, mientras los Estados Unidos están el número 35. Algunos países africanos están los peores de la lista. Sin embargo el problema es que la desigualdad entre los países están creciendo. Hay una diferencia tras la eficacia real y el nivel de desarrollo. Más desarrollos no significa más calidad y acceso a una sistema de salud. En general los países con los mayores sistemas están en Europa, donde están más financiamientos por los institutos médicos y de investigaciones. El artículo no propone ninguna solución por esta falta de financiación, pero se puede pensar a algunas obvias.
    This article compares health systems of various countries according to a recent study in The Lancet (a British magazine). Andorra, Iceland, and Switzerland are the three top countries, while the U.S. is number 35. A few African countries are some of the worst on the list. However, the problem is that inequality between countries is growing. There is a difference between actual effectiveness and the level of development. More development does not mean better quality or access to a healthcare system. In general the countries with the best systems are in Europe, where there is more funding for medical and research institutes. The article doesn’t propose any solutions for this lack of funding, but one can think of some obvious ones. 
Now, how much of this did you already gather?
Being able to write out short summaries such as these after reading and dissecting newspaper articles is a great help on the road to fluency. Digest the text, identify main ideas, and use your own words to discuss the subject of the article. And whatever you do, DO NOT WRITE IN ENGLISH FIRST AND TRANSLATE INTO YOUR TARGET LANGUAGE. It should be the other way around. This promotes genuine and spontaneous use of the language which makes real-life conversations much easier. You can even jot down bullet points in the target language and simply dictate a brief summary (in fact, this is a more advanced tactic, immensely beneficial for fluency). Whatever gets you using the language.
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