¡Chau, bienvenido de nuevo! Esta semana: un repaso de la conjugación de los verbos regulares. Welcome back, everyone! This week: a review of the conjugation of regular verbs.
Let me begin by explaining verb conjugation in English:
Verbs are conjugated into 6 different forms, corresponding to each possible subject (I, you, he/she/it, we, you all, and they). The non-conjugated form of the verb is called the infinitive: to swim, to eat, to play. In this form, there is no subject attached, but upon conjugating, the verb is assigned to a subject. Let’s look at the verb to swim:
You (all) swim.
Because of the ambiguity in conjugated forms in English, we must use the subject pronoun for the listener to understand who is doing the action. This differs from Italian and Spanish but not French: no pronouns are needed in Italian and Spanish since their conjugated forms have very specific endings for each subject, whereas in French, subject pronouns must be included. You’ll be able to see this more clearly in the images below in each target language.
For regular verbs, you will be able to follow the patterns described, but irregular verbs need memorizing. We’ll discuss irregular verbs at a later date.
Additionally, in English we have several ways of expressing the present tense. First, we have the present tense shown above, which implies a current or habitual action, I swim. Second, we use the present progressive, I am swimming, to indicate an action in progress in the present. Lastly, we can speak much more emphatically, I do swim, to stress a current or habitual action. However, Italian, French, and Spanish express all three of these in one present tense. Italian and Spanish do have separate progressive tenses to emphasize the action’s progress, but this progress can also be understood in the simple present tense. French has no progressive tenses, so each of the three English present tenses is included in the simple present tense.
Check out the review below in your target language:
I highly recommend getting a copy of English Grammar for Students of [Italian, French, Spanish]. Explanations of English grammar precede the explanations of your target language. Having this basis of grammar in your native language can be extremely helpful, especially if it’s been who knows how long since you took an English course. (I also have Essential French Grammar: All the Grammar Really Needed for Speech and Comprehension by Seymour Resnick. It’s a little more streamlined with less emphasis on the English grammar, although it does include some comparisons. I would recommend this to intermediate or advanced French students.)
Espero que estos repasos sean muy beneficiosos por ustedes. ¡Envíenme un correo electrónico o comenten abajo se tienen preguntas! I hope these reviews are helpful for everyone. Send me an email or comment below if you have questions!