The Articles

¡Chau! ¡Espero que ustedes estén muy bien! I have compiled a review of definite and indefinite articles in each language. But first, here’s a brief summary of this part of speech as it pertains to English:
In English, the articles are: the, a(n), & some. 
The is the only definite article in English, used for specificity. The book. The place. The people.  Use a definite article when referring to a specific or known object. [A noun follows the definite article.]
A(n) & some are indefinite articles, not specific. A book. A place. Some people. Some water.  In this case, the speaker is not referring to a specific noun. [A noun also follows the indefinite object.]
Continue reading for reviews on articles in your target language! 
[Keep in mind that, just like in English, definite articles translate to the, while indefinite articles translate to a(n) or some. All articles are followed by a noun.]

Gli articoli determinativi sono: 
Screen Shot 2017-03-02 at 8.33.10 AM.png
        il gatto, i gatti
        l’esame, gli esami
        lo zaino, gli zaini
        la donna, le donne
        l’attrice, le attrici
Gli articoli indeterminativi (singolari) sono:
Screen Shot 2017-03-02 at 8.34.48 AM.png
        un gatto
        un esame
        uno zaino
        una penna
Gli articoli indeterminativi plurali sono un po’ più difficili: [DE + articolo]
IT partitivi.png
Questo è il partitivo, perché si parla di una parte della totalità. Oppure, some.
    del pane some bread
    dell’acqua some water
    dello zucchero some sugar
    dei bambini some children
    degli amici some friends
    della torta some cake
    delle pere some pears
**This does not include all of the information on the partitive – it should really have it’s own lesson. Stay tuned for more info! 

Les articles définis sont:
FR articles définis.png
    le livre, les livres
    l’examen, les examens
    la fée, les fées
    l’artiste, les artistes
Les articles indéfinis sont: 
FR articles indéfinis.png
    un livre, des livres
    une artiste, des artistes
*Des >> de/d’  quand le verbe est a la forme négative (1); après des expressions de quantité (2); et directement avant un adjectif pluriel (3)
1. Il n’y a pas de stade.
2. Il y a assez de parking.
3. Il y a de beaux arbres.

Los artículos definidos son:
ES artículos definidos.png
        el perro, los perros
        la mano, las manos
Los artículos indefinidos son:
ES artículos indefinidos.png
        un perro, unos perros
        una mano, unas manos

Uses for the definite and indefinite articles very slightly for each language – visit the Contact page to schedule a session in the Cleveland, OH area to dive deeper into this lesson!
As always, email me with any questions or comments! 
Is there a grammar topic you’d like to see reviewed on Hastings’ Road to Fluency? Let me know!

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